Welcome! I am a Lecturer in the School of International Relations at the University of St Andrews. I was previously a SSHRC Canada Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford and a Non-Stipendiary Research Fellow at Nuffield College (2013-2015). From 2012-2013 I was a Max Weber Postdoctoral Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. 

My research is concerned with understanding how international law transforms global politics, and how political forces shape the development and efficacy of the law. More specifically, I examine how legal institutions - especially multilateral treaties - shape the conduct of actors by instantiating new social expectations about appropriate behaviour (norms) in the international system. Empirically, I explore this theme principally in the fields of disarmament and international humanitarian and criminal law. My teaching interests are informed by this broad research agenda, and span IR theory, international law, and international organizations and governance.